“This Store Burns Souls!”

Maybe the changing seasons are prompting people to cover up. Maybe the political climate is making everyone more conservative. Maybe folks are sick of seeing celebrities’ hoo-hoos exposed in the tabloids. Whatever, this whole modesty craze I wrote about a while back seems to be taking on international (and decidedly violent) proportions, as in this Associated Press story:

Jewish “Modesty Patrols” Sow Fear in Israel

JERUSALEM (AP) — In Israel’s ultra-Orthodox Jewish community, where the rule of law sometimes takes a back seat to the rule of God, zealots are on a campaign to stamp out behavior they consider unchaste. They hurl stones at women for such “sins” as wearing a red blouse, and attack stores selling devices that can access the Internet.

In recent weeks, self-styled ”modesty patrols” have been accused of breaking into the apartment of a Jerusalem woman and beating her for allegedly consorting with men. They have torched a store that sells MP4 players, fearing devout Jews would use them to download pornography.

“These breaches of purity and modesty endanger our community,” said 38-year-old Elchanan Blau, defending the bearded, black-robed zealots. “If it takes fire to get them to stop, then so be it.”

Many ultra-Orthodox Jews are dismayed by the violence, but the enforcers often enjoy quiet approval from rabbis eager to protect their own reputations as guardians of the faith, community members say. And while some welcome anything that keeps secular culture out of their cloistered world, others feel terrorized, knowing that the mere perception of impropriety could ruin their lives.

“There are eyes and ears all over the place, very similar to what you hear about in countries like Iran,” says Israeli-American novelist Naomi Ragen, an observant Jew who has chronicled the troubles that confront some women living in the ultra-Orthodox world.

The violence has already deepened the antagonism between the 600,000 haredim, or God-fearing, and the secular majority, which resents having religious rules dictated to them.

Religious vigilantes operate in a society that has granted their community influence well beyond its numbers — partly out of a commitment to revive the great centers of Jewish scholarship destroyed in the Holocaust, but also because the Orthodox are perennial king-makers in Israeli coalition politics.

Thus public transport is grounded for the Jewish Sabbath each Saturday, and the rabbis control all Jewish marriage and divorce in Israel.

In recent years, however, the haredim have eased up on their long campaign to impose their rules on secular areas, and nowadays many restaurants and suburban shopping centers are open on the Sabbath.

These days, most vigilante attacks take place in the zealots’ own neighborhoods.

Israel police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said the modesty police are not an organized phenomenon, just rogue enforcers carrying out isolated attacks. But Israel’s Justice Ministry used the term ”modesty patrols” in an indictment against a man accused of assaulting the Jerusalem woman.

The unidentified, 31-year-old woman had left the ultra-Orthodox fold after getting divorced, according to the indictment filed by the Jerusalem district attorney’s office. The indictment said her assailant tried to get her to leave her apartment in a haredi neighborhood in Jerusalem by gagging, beating and threatening to kill her. He was paid $2,000 for the attack, it said.

A 17-year-old who moved to Israel from New York five years ago said she was hospitalized after being attacked with pepper spray by a crowd of men outraged that she was walking down a Jerusalem street with boys.

“They can burn in hell,” said the girl, who would identify herself only as Rivka.

She lives in Beit Shemesh, a town outside Jerusalem where the vigilantism has been particularly violent. Zealots there have thrown rocks and spat at women, and set fire to trash bins to protest impiety. Walls of the neighborhood are plastered with signs exhorting women to dress modestly — spelled out as closed-necked, long-sleeved blouses and long skirts.

The state, catering to religious sensitivities, subsidizes gender-segregated bus routes that service religious neighborhoods. Ragen and several other women challenged the practice in Israel’s Supreme Court after an Orthodox Canadian woman in her 50s told police she was kicked, slapped, pushed to the floor and spat upon by men for refusing to move to the back of the bus.

Another Beit Shemesh girl, who asked to be identified only as Esther, said zealots threw rocks, cursed and spat at a friend for wearing a red blouse — taboo because the color attracts attention.

Yitzhak Polack, a 50-year-old Jerusalem teacher, is one of those who deplore such behavior.

“They are stupid troublemakers who are bringing shame and disgrace on this holy community,” he said.

But the rabbis are afraid to condemn them, says Yehuda Meshi-Zahav, another community member.

“They can’t come out against zealots who champion modesty. Here and there they write against violence, but the militants ultimately set the tone,” he said.

Stores are targeted too.

In August, a Jerusalem man was placed under house arrest on suspicion he set fire to a store in a haredi district of the city that sold MP4 players.

“It started about six months ago. They would come into the store, about 15 of them at a time, screaming, ‘This store burns souls!’ and they would throw merchandise on the floor and threaten customers,” said 31-year-old Aaron Gold, a haredi worker at the Space electronic store.

One Friday night, just before the Sabbath was about to begin, “they smashed a window, doused the place with gasoline and lit a match,” Gold said.

Now, a big sign behind the counter says, “All products sold in this store are under rabbinical supervision. By order of the rabbis, no MP4s are sold here.”

Clothing stores that sell clothes regarded as provocative have been vandalized, and bleach thrown at merchandise.

Suspicion is all that’s needed to spark an attack.

Girls have been expelled from school after being seen talking to boys, a punishment that ruins their marriage prospects.

“It could be very innocent; she could be talking to her brother,” Ragen said. But once thrown out of school, “no one — NO ONE — will take you in,” she added.

In one case, the violence reached the highest levels of haredi society.

Three years ago, a son of Israel’s Sephardi chief rabbi, Shlomo Amar, was accused of kidnapping a 17-year-old boy, beating him at knifepoint and terrorizing him with snarling dogs because he had sought the attentions of the accused’s unchaperoned sister.

The son was sentenced to two years and eight months in jail.

His sister married a different suitor the following year.

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Categories: Judaism, Sex and Sexuality, Spirituality | 8 Comments

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8 thoughts on ““This Store Burns Souls!”

  1. I certainly hope they’re not bragging, because a good Christian man can kick WAY more feminine ass…

  2. That’s scary. The power of the extremists grows …

  3. I know a woman who is an archeaologist. She worked, for a while, in Jerusalem. Whenever she would wear a tanktop to a dig, she would find, at some point of the day, she would be hit by stones.

  4. As an example of how accepted this is as well as how it is seen as stereotyped by the rest of the culture there, look at this commercial for HD TV. The selling point is the Hassids say it’s bad so you want it, yes? Of course yes!

  5. My initial reaction to this kind of thing is generally one long, internal shriek.

    My second reaction this time was to sit stunned and sickened by how much treatment of women as described in the article mirrors treatment of black people in the U.S. in the Jim Crow days: Sit at the back of the bus; talk to unsanctioned other people and you put your life at risk. And all of it done by people who hold power over them and insist it’s for their own good, even if it means beating or killing them.

    It doesn’t bode well for what it might take to bring sanity and sense to the whole thing over there.

  6. indigobunting

    Hey, this is fascinating and depressing (and I checked out the HDTV), but I’m partially commenting to see why WordPress is being funky with me and not letting me comment on someone else’s blog…is it them or is it WordPress?

  7. Your comment came through just fine here.

  8. A problem with the rest of the Israeli government and the people coming down on this is such: The state was founded on the precept that Jews should have their own country, free of persecution. If such behavior, horrible as it may seem, awful as it is, is come down upon by the government too strongly, then the very coming down upon is seen as anathema to the stated goal of the country. Such actions by the government would seem secular. A big no-no there. If the country itself is seen to be anti-Jewish, even if it is against a particular sect, then other countries can, and will, question the reason for Israel’s existence.

    If people fight against it without the sanction of the government, then it is an issue of cultural violence, religious violence, sect against sect, view against view, Jew against Jew.

    Plus, in a parliamentary system, coalitions are needed to get anything done. While, in most cases this beats our two party agree or disagree, join or be powerless system, it does have some disadvantages. For instance, the moderates do not want to make the religious parties too upset with them. It would make forming single-issue coalitions with them impossible and make forming a majority too difficult if possible at all. Such happened in this country when the Northern Democrats looked the other way at the racist behavior of the Southern Democrats right up until the seventies and, in some particular cases, beyond.

    It happens now in France, a secular country whose government looks the other way at parties that openly espouse anti-Jewish views. It took a rally of over a million citizens, a few years back, to stop the candidacy of a politician who openly called for the destruction of temples in France. The government did nothing. The people acted instead. It left the cowardly government’s hand’s clean.

    The same is true in Israel. It is true when vigilante Israelis commit atrocities against non-Jews within their borders. It is as true of the other governing bodies there when they commit non-government sanctioned atrocities against Jews within the borders. The governments can keep their hands clean while claiming there is nothing they can do.

    Think Southern Democrats and the KKK and you will see the parallel.

    In the high school I taught at in Liberty City, studious black students—well, to be fair, all but about ten of the 4000 students were black so, let us just say studious students—had the crap beat out of them by the other students. Nothing was done. Ever. The school was overcrowded anyway.

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